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Elementary Lesson 2. GRAMMAR. Singular and plural

1a. Write these words in the correct places.

a bag    a door    a desk    a book    a computer    a pen

  1. a board
  2. a pencil
  3. a notebook

1b. Listen, check and repeat.

2. Это упражнение будет отправлено учителю What other things around can you name?

Example: a mobile (phone)

3a. Listen and repeat the examples.

Singular
a book
a box
a badge
a man
a woman
a person
a child
Plural
two books
three boxes
three badges
three men
two women
two people
three children

3b. Study the table.

Plurals
Singular Plural
Most nouns add -s
a pen
a bag
three pens
two bags
After -ch, -sh, -ss, -x, add -es
a watch
a box
a brush
a glass
two watches
three boxes
three brushes
four glasses
Irregular
a man
a woman
a person
a child
three men
two women
two people
three children
When a plural noun ends in -ches, -shes, -xes, -sses or -ses, we pronounce the ending /iz/.
watch
purse
watches /iz/
purses /iz/

4a. Drill. Listen. Write and say plural with three.

  1. - >
  2. - >
  3. - >
  1. - >
  2. - >
  3. - >

4b. Listen again and repeat each word twice.

5a. Study the rule and the examples.

this / that / these / those
Singular
this book
that book
Plural
these books
those books
1. We use this / these for things which are near you.
This pen is new. These pens are new.

2. We use that / those for things which are not near you.
That car is old. Those cars are old.

 

A: What's this?

B: It's a notebook.
A: What's that?

B: It's an umbrella.
A: What are these?

B: They're keys.
A: What are those?

B: They're CDs.

5b. Это упражнение будет отправлено учителю Ask and answer about things around you.

Example: - What's this?
- It's a pen.

6a. Read and listen.

1.
What does 'French' mean?
It means 'from France'.
2.
How do you say 'Bienvenido'
in English?
You say 'Welcome'.
   
3.
How do you say this word?
It's /pi:pl/.
4.
How do you spell 'glasses'?
It's G-L-A-double-S-E-S.

6b. Listen again and repeat each sentence twice.



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